The Golden Conure is also known as the Queen of Bavarias Conure, and the Golden Parakeet. Until recently it was categorized as Aratinga guarouba but is now categorized as Guaruba guarouba. Although it has been considered endangered since the mid 1940s (Forshaw 379) it has never been formally studied as its range was considered to be so remote that it was out of harms way.
In early 1970s construction began on the Tucuruí dam, which on completion flooded 888 square miles of rain forests (Low 183). The construction of the dam further evoked the construction of 2 major highways and a proliferation of human colonization around its borders (WCD 4,5). Along the Transamazon highway the resettlement process consumed 100,675 hectares. Bordering another road that parallels the right side of the reservoir another 311,025 hectares were deforested for relocation of displaced forest colonists (WCD 32). Just these two areas of resettlement alone have depleted 411,700 hectares or 1,017,310 acres of rain forest.
Seventy one percent of the total deforestation occurring in Brazil since 1977 has taken place in the northeastern regions where the Golden Conures reside. All but 13% of that 71% has occurred since 1988. It has resulted in a total loss of more than 37 million acres of rain forests or 71/2 times the area covered by the state of New Jersey. Not only has this resulted in dramatic loss of rain forests, but it has also given easy access for trappers to a species that was once considered to be out of harms way. The Brazilian states of Maranhâo, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, and Pará have some of the highest concentrations of Golden Conures. As you can see from the chart below, they also have some of the heaviest concentrations of deforestation.